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Movie Crew Glossary


*       Art Director Person who is in charge of and oversees the artists and craftspeople who build the movie sets.


*       Assistant Director The Assistant Director is responsible for tracking the progress of the film versus the production schedule. Also responsible for preparing call sheets.



*       Associate Producer Associate Producer is an individual who share the responsibility for creative and business dealings with the Executive Producer.


*        Background Artist Background Artists design and/or construct the art used at the rear of a set.



*       Best Boy This term is thought to have been borrowed from early sailing crews, who were employed to work the riggings in early movie theatres. Best Boy refers to the second in charge of any group, most commonly the chief assistant to the Gaffer. Females are also known as "Best Boys."


*       Body Double Body Doubles are used to take the place of the actor/actress for a specific scene. Normally the Director will choose to use a Body Double when an actor's actual body part isn't quite what is desired for a scene. Body Doubles are often used for scenes involving nudity or physical prowess.



*       Boom Operator Boom Operators are members of the sound crew who operate the boom microphone. The boom microphone is a microphone attached to the end of a long pole. The Boom Operator extends the boom microphone over the actors, out of sight of the camera.


*       Camera Loader The Camera Loader operates the clapboard, signaling the beginning of a shot. Also responsible for the actual loading of the film stock into film magazines.



*       Casting Director The Casting Director auditions and helps choose all the speaking role actors in movies, television shows, and plays. Must have a wide knowledge of actors, and be able to match the talent with the role. Also serves as the liason between Directors, actors, and their agents. Responsible for negotiating deals with agents and for obtaining contracts for each hired actor.


*       Choreographer Person responsible for planning and directing all dance sequences within a movie or play.



*       Cinematographer A Cinematographer is a person who has expertise in the art of capturing images either electronically or on film through the use of visual recording devices. Also responsible for the selection and arrangement of lighting. The Director of Photography is the movie's chief Cinematographer.


*       Color Consultant A technical advisor who is an expert in film developing and film stock, and who provides advice to cinematographers.



*       Composer Composers are musicians whose music appears in a movie's score. Most films have at least one original song written expressly for the score.


*       Conductor The person who directs the orchestra's performance of the film's score.



*       Construction Coordinator Sometimes referred to as the Construction Foreman or Construction Manager. This person is in charge of all financial responsibilities having to do with construction including tracking, budgeting, and reporting. Also responsible for the physical integrity of the buildings created by the construction crew.


*       Costume Designer Person who is directly responsible for designing the costumes in a film.



*       Costumer The Costumer is responsible for handling the costumes/outfits worn by the actors.


*       Creator The author or other primary source behind the creation of the movie, series, or a specific set of characters.



*       Dialog Coach The Dialog Coach is responsible for helping an actor's speech pattern fit their character, usually by assisting with pronunciations and accents.


*       Director Directors are responsible for the casting, editing, shot selection, shot composition, and script editing of a film. They are the creative source behind a movie, and must communicate to actors on the way a particular shot is to be played. Directors usually have artistic control over all aspects of a film.



*       Director of Photography The Director of Photography is the Cinematographer who is responsible for the process of recording a scene as instructed by the Director. Duties include selection of film, cameras, and lenses as well as selecting the lighting. The Director of Photography directs the Gaffer's placement of lighting.


*       Dolly Grip Grip specifically responsible for positioning the dolly. The dolly is a small truck that rolls along tracks and carries the camera, camera person, and occasionally the Director.



*       Editor A person who edits a movie, by following the Director's instructions. Editors normally work on the visual editing of a film, and are in charge of reconstructing the sequence of events within a film.


*       Executive Producer Executive Producers are responsible for the overall production of a film, but are not directly involved in any of the technical aspects. Normally an Executive Producer will handle the business and legal issues relating to filmmaking.



*       Extra Extras are people who do not have a speaking role and are usually used for filler in a crowd scene, or as background action. No acting experience is necessary to be an Extra.


*       Foley Artist Foley Artists create foley sound effects. Foley Artists use a variety of objects to create the sounds of footsteps and other incidental noises in a film.



*       Gaffer Literally translates to "old man." The Gaffer is in charge of the electrical department.


*       Greensman Greensman provides the foliage and other greenery used as backgrounds on sets.



*       Grip Grips are responsible for the maintenance and positioning of equipment on a set.


*       Key Grip The Key Grip is in charge of a group of Grips. Key Grips may also by the construction co-ordinator and a back-up for the camera crew. Key Grips and Gaffers work closely together.



*       Line Producer Responsible for managing every person and issue associated with a film. Line Producers typically work on one film at a time.


*       Location Manager Location Managers are responsible for all aspects of filming while on location, including making arrangements with authorities for permission to shoot.



*       Matte  Artist A person who creates the artwork used in a movie via a matte shot or optical printing. Matte Artists typically create the background of a shot.


*       Producer Producers are in charge of a movie's production in all matters, except for the creative efforts of the Director. The Producer is also responsible for raising funds, hiring key personnel, and arranging for distribution.



*       Production Assistant Production Assistants do various odd jobs on movie sets, including stopping traffic, acting as couriers, and fetching items from craft services. PA's are often attached directly to a specific actor or filmmaker.


*       Production Illustrators Production Illustrators draw all the storyboards used to make a film. They are also responsible for any drawings needed during the course of a production.



*       Production Manager Responsible for ordering equipment, securing cast and crew accommodations, and other practical matters on the set. Reports directly to the film's  Producer.


*       Property Master The Property Master is responsible for purchasing/acquiring all the props used during production.



*       Screenwriter Screenwriters adapt existing works for production into a movie, or create a new screenplay to be filmed.


*       Set DesignerSet Designers translate a Production Designer's vision and ideas of the movie into a set which is then used for filming. Set Designers report to the Art Director and are in charge of a Leadman.



*       Sound Designers Sound Designers are responsible for creating and designing the audio portion of a movie.


*       Technical AdvisorTechnical Advisors are experts on a specific subject matter, and offer advice on making a film more authentic and true to its subject matter.



*       Unit Production Manager Unit Production Managers are executives who are responsible for the administration of a film. UPM's report to a senior  Producer, and only work on one film at a time.


*   Wrangler Wranglers are directly responsible for all entities on the set who cannot be spoken with. They are responsible for the care and control of items and animals, and must have an expertise in dealing with these particular items or animals.


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