1. The address of the computer receiving the information.
2. A system of binary electron, photon, and wireless bit stream transmission .
In the XP environment left click start, left click run, type in
CMD, touch enter which will take you to the command prompt. Type in
ipconfig/all and touch enter.
In the XP environment left click start, left click run, type in CMD, touch enter which will take you to the command prompt. Type in ipconfig/all and touch enter.
You will see:
An Unique IP address of 4 place positions of 2 to the 8th is assigned to each node on the Internet. Additionally a node may have a domain name which follows IP naming protocol. The domain name is portable but the IP address is fixed. IP addresses are assigned by the Internet Network Information Center (InterNIC). Domain Names can be registered at www.networksolutions.org. Now that we know the addressing system how is the binary bit stream packet sent.
An IP packet has a minimum length of 576 bytes and a maximum length of 64 Kbytes. The packet has the IP Address of the sender, the receiver, the sequence of the packet of the number of packets being sent and the JOB ID No. The packet is then placed in an bit stream envelope which contain the TCP instructionsIf you had a file that was 2 MBytes long and the hardware that connected to the network only supported 50 KByte packets then it would take 40 packets to send the message.
Header of the packet contains the following
Job ID: 123456
Packet 1 of 40
This is followed by the Data
And then followed by the Terminus.
Job Id: 123456789
Sequence: 1 of 20
|Data up to 64 K Bytes||Terminus - end of packet|
Transmission Control Protocol- connection-oriented, reliable.
1. TCP first Pings the site that the message is going to and gets an acknowledgement back from the site that it is ready to receive a packet. At the same time TCP determines the largest packet that can be sent over the connection. The packet is sent.
2. Acknowledgements of receipt of packets by the receiving site is then done.
3. TCP then determines if retransmission of the packet is required.
4. TCP then puts the packets in the proper sequence if required.